Are you a new teenage driver who needs to get a license?

New York has a Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) policy in place which temporarily restricts high-risk driving conditions for young drivers as a way of reducing teen accidents and deaths. GDL is a good thing because it saves lives; the number of accidents decreased by over 60% in the first year the GDL program went into effect in the state.

Here is the process a new teenage driver should follow to get their Driver Permit and License.

Learner PermitLearner PermitJunior LicenseSenior License
Minimum Age1616.5 years18 years
DMV RequirementsPass written test.1. 50 Hours of Behind-the-Wheel Practice with a Parent or Professional Driving Instructor
2. 5 Hour Pre-licensing Class
3. Pass the DMV Road Test
None.
License automatically
issued by the DMV.
RestrictionsMust be accompanied by parent/guardian, certified driving instructor or other designated adult driver at all times1. No driving without a parent/guardian between 9:00 PM and 5:00 AM
2. No more than one passenger younger than 21 years old
No restrictions

What are the steps for getting a learner permit?

  1. Schedule your Permit test online to save time waiting in line.
  2. Pass a vision test. Eye tests can be taken at any DMV office when you take your Permit test or you can bring in Form MV-619 (Eye Test Report) completed by a medical doctor, physician’s assistant, registered nurse, optometrist or optician based on an eye exam you have had within the last 6 or 12 months.
  3. Assemble the necessary paperwork. This includes the Eye Test Report (MV-619), along with:
    • Completed Application For Driver License (MV-44)
    • Proof of your name. Documents that prove your name are assigned a point value; you must present identification that totals six points or more. At least one of the proofs must have your signature.
      A few examples of common proofs and their point values are listed below.

      • US Birth Certificate or US DOS Consular Report of Birth Abroad – 4 Points
      • US Passport – 4 Points
      • DMV form MV-45   Affidavit by a parent or legal guardian, signed in the presence of a DMV representative. – 4 Points
      • Foreign Passport with a valid I-551 stamp or with a statement on the Visa.  (Passport must be in English or translated by an embassy.) – 3 Points
      • Foreign Passport with a Visa and a valid I-94 issued by INS/DHS. Passport must be in English or translated by an embassy.  (If your I-94 status code is – F1 (student), you must also show the original stamped INS/DHS form I-20, with any subsequent I-20 and “notice of approval” (if appropriate).) – 3 Points
      • Certificate of Citizenship – 3 Points
      • Certificate of Naturalization – 3 Points.
      • Permanent Resident Card  – 3 Points
      • Reentry Permit – 3 Points
      • US High School ID Card with Report Card – 2 Points
      • US Health Insurance Card/Prescription Card – 1 Point
      • Valid US Credit Card or Cash Card with name imprinted and signature – 1 Point

      Click here for a complete list of DMV-approved Proof of Identity.

    • Social Security Card. If you are ineligible for a Social Security Card, 6 points of proof of name (above) plus a letter of ineligibility from the Social Security Administration (SSA) issued within 30 days of your application to the DMV, which confirms your ineligibility, along with the INS/DHS documentation that the SSA used to determine that you are ineligible.
  4. Go to the DMV office to conduct a written test and hand-in paperwork. In Westchester County, only the Peekskill and Yonkers DMV Offices process Learner Permits.  (The White Plains office does not.)
    Peekskill Office
    NYS-DMV
    Yonkers Office
    NYS-DMV
    Address:
    1045 Park Street
    Peekskill, NY 10566
    Address:
    1 Larkin Plaza
    Yonkers, NY 10701
    Hours:
    M, T, W & F 8:30 – 4:00 PM
    Thursday 10:00 – 6:00 PM
    Hours:
    M, T, W & F 8:30 – 4:00 PM
    Thursday 10:00 – 6:00 PM
    Phone:
    (718)477-4820
    Phone:
    (718)477-4820

What are the steps for getting a Junior License?

  1. In order to get a Junior License, your child must first complete:
  2. Schedule a DMV Road Test appointment. In order to make an appointment, your child must have:
    • a Learner Permit for at least six months, is valid on the date that the appointment is made, and is valid on the date of the road test, and
    • the Pre-licensing Course Completion Certificate (MV-278) in hand.

    Click here to schedule your road test using the DMV’s online scheduler.

  3. Take the DMV Road Test. Be sure to:
    • Have  a licensed driver over the age of 21 accompany your child to the road test location.
    • Bring a valid learner permit, Form MV-262 (Certification of Supervised Driving)  and a Pre-licensing Course Completion Certificate (MV-278).
    • Bring a vehicle to drive during the road test.  The vehicle must be properly registered, inspected, insured and in good working order.

      The road test is available at a number of locations throughout Westchester County.

    DMV Road Test Locations

    New Rochelle

    Locaton:  
    Sickles Avenue & Guion Place

    Directions: 
    Take the Hutchinson Pkway to E Lincoln Ave. Exit. Go 3 miles to Prince St. Make right onto Prince. Go the end of Prince and make a left onto Sickles. Go to end of Sickles and make a left onto Guion Place.

    Peekskill

    Location:
    Orchard St. Facing N. Division Street

    Directions:  
    Take Park Street West to Division St. Right onto Division Street. After 5 blocks there will be a fork in the road, take the left fork. At the end of the park is Orchard Street. Right onto Orchard Street

    White Plains

    Location:
    Kensico Avenue between Oakley Ave. and Minerva Ave. (facing south)

    Directions:
    Cross Westchester Expressway (287), East, to Exit 8 (Westchester Ave) right turn exit. Right turn onto Westchester Ave. First traffic light left turn onto So. Kensico Ave. Go straight ahead to Minerva and Oakley Avenues. Road test line on left side of avenue.

    Yonkers

    Location:
    Vredenburgh Avenue & Veltri Place facing Kimball Avenue

    Directions:
    Take Yonkers Avenue. Go across Central Avenue. Make first left onto Trenchard Street. Proceed to Vredenburgh Avenue. Site is 1000 feet on right of Vredenburgh.

    Yorktown

    Location:
    Commerce Street facing north towards Firehouse

    Directions:
    Take Route 118 South to Underhill Avenue. Make a left onto Underhill Avenue. At intersection Underhill becomes Commerce Street. Road test site is approximately 1/4 mile down on the right side.

    Once your child passes their road test, they receive their Junior License which allows them to drive alone or with others, with the following restrictions:

    • No driving between 9:00 PM and 5:00 AM without a parent or guardian in the car.
    • No more than one passenger under the age of 21 who is not a family member.

    These restrictions are designed to eliminate the two most dangerous situations that exponentially increase your child’s risk of being killed in a car accident: driving late at night and driving with more than one friend in the car.

    At age 18, the driving restrictions are lifted and your child automatically receives a full icense.

    Why do some teenagers get a full license with no restrictions at age 17?
    Despite the fact that the number of accidents dropped 61% after New York adopted a GDL policy that places restrictions on drivers under the age of 18, some teenagers are still getting a full, unrestricted license early. If a teenager takes Driver Education through a public or private high school, rather than a commercial program, they become fully licensed at age 17.

    Why is there an exception to the GDL law if it has been shown to reduce accidents and deaths?
    The Department of Motor Vehicles only has jurisdiction over commercial driving schools. It does not have jurisdiction over the curriculum that’s offered through the high school. The Department of Education does. Keeping Driver’s Ed in high schools keeps Driver’s Education teachers employed.

    What’s wrong with High School Driver Education?
    The Driver Education program that is offered thru any private or public high school is made up of 24 hours of classroom instruction, 18 hours of backseat “observation” while another inexperienced student is driving, and only six hours of supervised behind-the-wheel practice.

    This approach was created as a national standard in 1948 and has been proven to have virtually no impact on reducing teen car accidents and deaths. That’s why less than 30% of high schools in the U.S. offer driver education anymore.

    Is the curriculum that’s offered through a commercial program different from what’s offered in High School?
    Yes. If a teenager gets a license through a commercial driving school, they need to complete 50 hours of behind-the-wheel instruction with a parent or instructor and attend a five-hour pre-licensing course.

    Is New York’s GDL loophole unusual?
    Yes. New York State is ranked in the lowest 10% of states when it comes to the efficacy of its teen driving laws. The federal government is trying to enforce a mandatory nationwide licensing law that would move the threshold for unrestricted driver licensing to the age of 18. For more information on this effort, go to www.saferoads4teens.org/summary-standup-act.

Non-Resident Drivers

Are you a resident of another state or country?
If you are a resident of another state or country and hold a valid driver license there, you may legally drive in New York State and should not apply for a New York license. Apply for a New York license only after you become a resident of this state.

New Resident Drivers

Are you establishing residency in New York State?

If so, you must apply for a New York State driver license within 30 days after establishing residency.

Do you hold a license from another state or Canada?

If you are a new resident with a valid license issued by a U.S. state, territory or possession, or a Canadian province or territory, you must:

  1. Complete an Application For Driver License (MV-44).
  2. Show proof of your name.   Documents that prove your name are assigned a point value; you must present identification that totals six points or more.  At least one of the proofs must have your signature.  A few examples of common proofs and their point values are listed below.These documents have a value of 3 points:
    • Foreign Passport
    • Certificate of Citizenship or Certificate of Naturalization聽
    • Permanent Resident Identification Card (INS I-551)
    • Valid U.S. Employment Authorization Card (INS I-688B or I-766 with photo)
    • S. Military Photo Identification Card

    These documents have a value of 2 points:

    • Driver License issued by another U.S. State/Territory or Canada (in effect at least
    • six months and not expired for more than 12 months)
    • Y.S. Vehicle Certificate of Title
    • S. Social Security Card (must have your signature)
    • S. High School ID or College ID With Photo and Report Card/Transcript
    • S. Marriage or Divorce Record, or Court-Issued Name Change Document

    These documents have a value of 1 point:

    • Valid U.S. Major Credit Card, or U.S. Cash (ATM) Card (with pre-printed name and signature)
    • S. Canceled Check (with your pre-printed name)
    • S. Bank/Financial Institution Statement/Record
    • S. Computerized Pay Stub (must include your name)
    • S. Health Insurance Card/Prescription Card
    • S. Utility Bill (must have your name and address)
    • W-2 Form (must include Social Security Number)

    Click here for a complete list of DMV-approved Proof of Identity.

  3. Show proof of your date of birth.  The DMV will accept the original or certified copy of any one of these documents from the issuing agency:
    • Birth Certificate
    • S. Military Photo Identification Card
    • S. Passport
    • Foreign Passport (with INS documentation) or Immigration Documents
  4. Provide your original social security card.  If you are ineligible for a Social Security Card, you must present a letter from the Social Security Administration (SSA) issued within 30 days of your application confirming your ineligibility. You must also show the INS documentation that the  SSA used to determine that you are not eligible.
  5. Pass a vision test. Eye tests can be taken at any Motor Vehicles office or you can bring in Form MV-619 (Eye Test Report) completed by a medical doctor, physician’s assistant, registered nurse, optometrist or optician based on an eye exam you have had within the last 6 or 12 months.
  6. Turn in your out-of-state license to get a New York license.  If your out-of-state license has been valid for less than six months or had expired more than one year ago, you must also pass the written and road tests and complete the Five Hour Safe Driving Course available through a school (like Fresh Green Light).

Are you a new resident licensed in a country other than Canada?
If you are a new resident licensed in a country other than Canada, you must apply for a New York State driver license within 30 days after establishing residency.  Here are the steps you need to take:

  1. Complete an Application For Driver License (MV-44).
  2. Show proof of your name.Documents that prove your name are assigned a point value; you must present identification that totals six points or more. At least one of the proofs must have your signature. A few examples of common proofs and their point values are listed below.These documents have a value of 3 points:
    • Foreign Passport
    • Certificate of Citizenship or Certificate of Naturalization
    • Permanent Resident Identification Card (INS I-551)
    • Valid U.S. Employment Authorization Card (INS I-688B or I-766 with photo)
    • S. Military Photo Identification Card

    These documents have a value of 2 points:

    • Driver License issued by another U.S. State/Territory or Canada (in effect at least
    • six months and not expired for more than 12 months)
    • Y.S. Vehicle Certificate of Title
    • S. Social Security Card (must have your signature)
    • S. High School ID or College ID With Photo and Report Card/Transcript
    • S. Marriage or Divorce Record, or Court-Issued Name Change Document

    These documents have a value of 1 point:

    • Valid U.S. Major Credit Card, or U.S. Cash (ATM) Card (with pre-printed name and signature)
    • S. Canceled Check (with your pre-printed name)
    • S. Bank/Financial Institution Statement/Record
    • S. Computerized Pay Stub (must include your name)
    • S. Health Insurance Card/Prescription Card
    • S. Utility Bill (must have your name and address)
    • W-2 Form (must include Social Security Number)

    Click here for a complete list of DMV-approved Proof of Identity.

  3.  Pass a vision test. Eye tests can be taken at any DMV office or you can bring in Form MV-619 (Eye Test) completed by a medical doctor, physician’s assistant, registered nurse, optometrist or optician based on an eye exam you have had within the last 6 or 12 months.
  4. Complete the Five Hour Pre-Licensing Course.  This course is available through DMV-licensed commercial driving schools (like Fresh Green Light). You’ll be issued a Pre-licensing Course Completion Certificate (MV-278)when you finish the Course.
  5. Pass a written test. The written test examines your knowledge of the rules of the road, safe driving techniques, road signs and their meanings, and the laws about the use of alcohol and drugs while driving. You can practice for the written test by answering the questions included in the Driver’s Manual and by taking DMV practice tests on-line. The test is administered at these DMV offices in Westchester County, NY..
  6. Pass a written test.  The written test examines your knowledge of the rules of the road, safe driving techniques, road signs and their meanings, and the laws about the use of alcohol and drugs while driving. You can practice for the written test by answering the questions included in the Driver’s Manual and by taking DMV practice tests on-line.The test is administered at these DMV offices in Westchester County, NY..
    Peekskill Office
    NYS-DMV
    Yonkers Office
    NYS-DMV
    Address:
    1045 Park Street
    Peekskill, NY 10566
    Address:
    1 Larkin Plaza
    Yonkers, NY 10701
    Hours:
    M, T, W & F 8:30 – 4:00 PM
    Thursday 10:00 – 6:00 PM
    Hours:
    M, T, W & F 8:30 – 4:00 PM
    Thursday 10:00 – 6:00 PM
    Phone:
    (718)477-4820
    Phone:
    (718)477-4820
  7. Pass the DMV road test. You must have your Pre-licensing Course Completion Certificate (MV-278) in hand before you schedule your appointment. Click here to schedule your road test using the DMV’s online scheduler.The road test is available at a number of locations throughout Westchester County.

    DMV Road Test Locations

    New Rochelle

    Locaton:  
    Sickles Avenue & Guion Place

    Directions: 
    Take the Hutchinson Pkway to E Lincoln Ave. Exit. Go 3 miles to Prince St. Make right onto Prince. Go the end of Prince and make a left onto Sickles. Go to end of Sickles and make a left onto Guion Place.

    Peekskill

    Location:
    Orchard St. Facing N. Division Street

    Directions:  
    Take Park Street West to Division St. Right onto Division Street. After 5 blocks there will be a fork in the road, take the left fork. At the end of the park is Orchard Street. Right onto Orchard Street

    White Plains

    Location:
    Kensico Avenue between Oakley Ave. and Minerva Ave. (facing south)

    Directions:
    Cross Westchester Expressway (287), East, to Exit 8 (Westchester Ave) right turn exit. Right turn onto Westchester Ave. First traffic light left turn onto So. Kensico Ave. Go straight ahead to Minerva and Oakley Avenues. Road test line on left side of avenue.

    Yonkers

    Location:
    Vredenburgh Avenue & Veltri Place facing Kimball Avenue

    Directions:
    Take Yonkers Avenue. Go across Central Avenue. Make first left onto Trenchard Street. Proceed to Vredenburgh Avenue. Site is 1000 feet on right of Vredenburgh.

    Yorktown

    Location:
    Commerce Street facing north towards Firehouse

    Directions:
    Take Route 118 South to Underhill Avenue. Make a left onto Underhill Avenue. At intersection Underhill becomes Commerce Street. Road test site is approximately 1/4 mile down on the right side.

    You must bring a vehicle to drive during the road test. The vehicle must be properly registered, inspected, insured and in good working order.

  8. Turn in your foreign license.  When you pass the road test, you must give your foreign license to the DMV motor vehicle license examiner who conducted the test. Your foreign driver license will be destroyed unless you provide the examiner with a written request to hold your foreign license on file at a New York State office of the Department of Motor Vehicles. The license examiner will tell you which DMV District Office will hold your foreign license. Your foreign license will be returned at your request, but only after you surrender your New York State license.

Are you an adult (over 18 years old) who has never had a license or has let their license expire more than 12 months ago?

  1. Complete an Application For Driver License (MV-44).
  2. Show proof of your name. Documents that prove your name are assigned a point value; you must present identification that totals six points or more.  At least one of the proofs must have your signature. A few examples of common proofs and their point values are listed below.
    These documents have a value of 3 points:

    • Foreign Passport
    • Certificate of Citizenship or Certificate of Naturalization聽
    • Permanent Resident Identification Card (INS I-551)
    • Valid U.S. Employment Authorization Card (INS I-688B or I-766 with photo)
    • S. Military Photo Identification Card

    These documents have a value of 2 points:

    • Driver License issued by another U.S. State/Territory or Canada (in effect at least
    • six months and not expired for more than 12 months)
    • Y.S. Vehicle Certificate of Title
    • S. Social Security Card (must have your signature)
    • S. High School ID or College ID With Photo and Report Card/Transcript
    • S. Marriage or Divorce Record, or Court-Issued Name Change Document

    These documents have a value of 1 point:

    • Valid U.S. Major Credit Card, or U.S. Cash (ATM) Card (with pre-printed name and signature)
    • S. Canceled Check (with your pre-printed name)
    • S. Bank/Financial Institution Statement/Record
    • S. Computerized Pay Stub (must include your name)
    • S. Health Insurance Card/Prescription Card
    • S. Utility Bill (must have your name and address)
    • W-2 Form (must include Social Security Number)

    Click here for a complete list of DMV-approved Proof of Identity.

  3. Pass a vision test. Eye tests can be taken at any DMV office or you can bring in Form MV-619 (Eye Test) completed by a medical doctor, physician’s assistant, registered nurse, optometrist or optician based on an eye exam you have had within the last 6 or 12 months.
  4. Pass a written test. The written test examines your knowledge of the rules of the road, safe driving techniques, road signs and their meanings, and the laws about the use of alcohol and drugs while driving. You can practice for the written test by answering the questions included in the Driver’s Manual and by taking DMV practice tests on-line.The test is administered at these DMV offices in Westchester County.
    Peekskill Office
    NYS-DMV
    Yonkers Office
    NYS-DMV
    Address:
    1045 Park Street
    Peekskill, NY 10566
    Address:
    1 Larkin Plaza
    Yonkers, NY 10701
    Hours:
    M, T, W & F 8:30 – 4:00 PM
    Thursday 10:00 – 6:00 PM
    Hours:
    M, T, W & F 8:30 – 4:00 PM
    Thursday 10:00 – 6:00 PM
    Phone:
    (718)477-4820
    Phone:
    (718)477-4820

     

  5. Complete the Five Hour Pre-Licensing Course.  This course is available through DMV-licensed commercial driving schools (like Fresh Green Light).  You’ll be issued a Pre-licensing Course Completion Certificate (MV-278)when you finish the Course.
  6. Pass the DMV road test. You must have your Pre-licensing Course Completion Certificate (MV-278) in hand before you schedule your appointment. Click here to schedule your road test using the DMV’s online scheduler.
    The road test is available at a number of locations throughout Westchester County.

    DMV Road Test Locations

    New Rochelle

    Locaton:  
    Sickles Avenue & Guion Place

    Directions: 
    Take the Hutchinson Pkway to E Lincoln Ave. Exit. Go 3 miles to Prince St. Make right onto Prince. Go the end of Prince and make a left onto Sickles. Go to end of Sickles and make a left onto Guion Place.

    Peekskill

    Location:
    Orchard St. Facing N. Division Street

    Directions:  
    Take Park Street West to Division St. Right onto Division Street. After 5 blocks there will be a fork in the road, take the left fork. At the end of the park is Orchard Street. Right onto Orchard Street

    White Plains

    Location:
    Kensico Avenue between Oakley Ave. and Minerva Ave. (facing south)

    Directions:
    Cross Westchester Expressway (287), East, to Exit 8 (Westchester Ave) right turn exit. Right turn onto Westchester Ave. First traffic light left turn onto So. Kensico Ave. Go straight ahead to Minerva and Oakley Avenues. Road test line on left side of avenue.

    Yonkers

    Location:
    Vredenburgh Avenue & Veltri Place facing Kimball Avenue

    Directions:
    Take Yonkers Avenue. Go across Central Avenue. Make first left onto Trenchard Street. Proceed to Vredenburgh Avenue. Site is 1000 feet on right of Vredenburgh.

    Yorktown

    Location:
    Commerce Street facing north towards Firehouse

    Directions:
    Take Route 118 South to Underhill Avenue. Make a left onto Underhill Avenue. At intersection Underhill becomes Commerce Street. Road test site is approximately 1/4 mile down on the right side.